Spots on the face are most likely to be caused by a skin condition known as melasma. Melasma is a common, patchy brown, tan or blue-gray skin discoloration due to overproduction of pigment on the skin. It is often referred to as the “mask of pregnancy” because its dark patches – which usually crop up on the nose, cheekbones, and jaw – are even more prevalent while women are expecting. However, the dark spots of Melasma can be found in other areas that are exposed to the sun. Other common areas include the neck and forearms.
Melasma typically results from sun exposure and hormonal changes in women due to progesterone and estrogen.
Melasma can fade on its own, particularly when the trigger causing it—such as pregnancy or oral contraceptive use—ends. But those who don’t just want to wait, there are several treatment options available.
Ways to prevent Melasma formation:
No melasma treatment offers permanent results, so it is recommended to opt for maintenance therapy that can prevent melasma from coming back.
Certain tactics can also help avoid melasma from developing in the first place.